Asperger’s Syndrome is marked by unusual behaviors and difficulty with social interactions. Some professionals equate this disorder to high-functioning autism, whereas others see autism and Asperger’s as distinct diagnoses. Symptoms frequently include:
- Narrow, intense interests or “obsessions.”
- Intense fascination for unusual things, like doorknobs or alarm clocks.
- Rigid about sticking to routines and rituals.
- A tendency to experience odd physical habits, like unusual ways of walking or talking.
- Fascination with parts of objects; for example, taking apart TV’s.
Difficulty with social interactions
- Problems understanding nonverbal communication. Problems understanding facial expressions and gestures.
- Difficulty understanding social “rules” and cues
- Difficulty finding close friends
- Lack of interest in sharing time with others.
- Difficulty expressing interest in another person’s welfare.
- Often prefer to be with animals or inanimate objects than with other people.
Other characteristics that aren’t always present
- Very formal and complex language, as if reading from an encyclopedia.
- Tendency to interpret things literally.
- Extremely sensitive to touch, smells, sounds, tastes, and sights (for example, they might prefer soft clothing, low stimulus environments, or mild-tasting food).
- Tendency to be physically awkward
- Exhibits messy handwriting
- Dislike of being touched.
Extra notes on personality, character, and history:
- It is speculated that Albert Einstein and Isaac Newton might have had Asperger’s Syndrome.
- Children with Asperger’s disorder sometimes display advanced abilities in language, reading, mathematics, spatial skills, and/or music compared to their age group, often reaching into the “genius” range.
- Adults with this disorder tend to be talented in logic and spatial imagery, a characteristic that often leads to professional success, especially in careers where they can work alone.
- Individuals with Asperger’s are known for their witty sense of humor, usually involving intelligent wordplay and satire